You can possibly grow a full vegetable garden by your own simply by planting young plants. However, it would be creative and interesting if you plant these vegetables from seeds indoors. It would be cheaper for you, and you can buy different seeds for added variety in your garden. In this way you will be able to experience something new and harvest your desired vegetable for a longer period. Some of the lovely vegetables like the pepper, beans, tomatoes etc. take birth in Central American and Mexico. These are place receiving maximum sunlight, and seeds underneath cold soil will never sprout.
If your intentions are to sow tomato seed in May in Minnesota, Oklahoma or New England, then it will take ling to ripe, and the October temperature will surely kill them. The crops also don’t grow by the equator. So, starting your seeds indoors will give them a head start. Same goes for your lovely flowers. If you seed indoor, they will get benefit to survive the tough conditions easily and mature before the severe climate changes may kill them.
Starting seeds indoor might be your first attempt and you would be reluctant to take any step without guidance. Well, today we’ll guide you exactly the same. You need to start with dozen plants having at least 3-4 different varieties. By doing this you need to remember that different varieties have different needs, so always read the instruction on the seed packet. They have guides as to how much time a seed will take to ripe. The normal days of maturity of a seed are 65 or a maximum of 80 days. However, you need to ensure that whether this time is from the moment you sow, or from transplanting to outdoors.
It isn’t that much complicated as you may think. The process is rather easy; you just need a guideline with all the initial ingredients like the container, light and warmth.
Steps to Grow Vegetable from seed indoors
1) Growing Medium
Seeds are small and delicate. For a quick positive result, take fresh and sterile soil that is light and fluffy. In case you are growing medium, too much wet soil may give a disease to your seed. Moreover, if the soil is heavy the roots cannot push through.
You may use bagged seed starting mix or the compressed pellets of coir, because they expand quickly when wet. The seeds are full of nutrient, so you have to take care in order to get those nutrients.
You cannot take any container, fill it with soil and sow the seed. Rather, a container that can hold the growing medium will be perfect. Cell packs or the last year pots, yogurt cup etc. can be used. Make sure to sterile and clean them thoroughly before use. For perfect sterilization, add 1 part of water and 9 parts of bleach. Also ensure that containers have proper drainage holes that drain the excess water.
A container that is about 7-10 inches deep is perfect. Alternatively, you can take the pot that has a small hole in the center. Sow the seed and place the pot in the garden. Some seed starting kits are also available from the market and you can utilize them. Some gardener also sows the seed in shallow trays till they sprout.
When gardeners have to do large scale gardening, there will be two main steps. Firstly they sow seed in shallow trays. Once they have sprouted, they gently prick them and plant them again in large containers. For a beginner, he can germinate the seeds directly in the containers.
In the initial stages, your seed requires plenty of light to become stalky and feeble. If the weather in your city is sunny, you can plant sow the seed in the garden. A special seed light that costs around $80-$500+ can be very handy. You can also try the fluorescent shop lights.
For a spectrum of light, always use a white bulb or tube. The light beam should be fixed at the soil, and must be kept just 3-5 inches above from the seed. A lamp can be a perfect idea in this regard that can give a high beam of light constantly for up to 18 hours a day.
The important thing to remember Is rigging the light fixture in order to raise it with time. This is the reason as to why incandescent bulbs wouldn’t work. There heat can destroy your plant.
Seed starting requires germination and growing. Germination involves the sprouting of seed. At this point the embryo of plant emerges out of seed, and no more light will be requires. However, warmth is still requires, and you can place the plant on the top of a refrigerator to supply enough warmth.
When you see the green sprout, it’s time to move it at a cooler place at a temperature between 60-70 degrees. You can also keep them in garage.
Plants definitely need water, but when you sow the seed initially in wet soil, it may not need frequently. When the soil gets too much dry, just add a little quantity of water. However, when the seed germinate, you have to uncover the container and water from bottom. You can do this by pouring the water in tray.
Remember never water your newly sprouted plant in excess, else it may kill it. Moreover, never water the seed starting from the top.
Attention: The guide you just read is composed of useful information, and you can rely on it. However, self-care is always needed when you are to starting seeds indoors. Finally, here are the things that you need to check daily:
- Seeds have sprouted
- Remove the cover when it’s time to remove it.
- Move it under the light.
- Ensure that they have enough moisture.
- Raise the light to keep them at a distant from the plants.
- Lights and timer are working fine.
Most of the new gardeners are in a hurry, and normally they never succeed. To grow a successful garden, you need patience and care. Always follow the right steps and success is guaranteed. Source.